Social Studies is viewed as the study of people in relation to their past, their present and their future, their environment and their society. Social studies encourages curiosity and develops an understanding of a rapidly changing world. Through social studies, students develop an understanding of their personal and cultural identities. They develop the skills and knowledge needed to participate actively in their classroom, their school, their community and the world: to understand themselves in relation to their communities. Students develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of Indonesian, Asian and world history.
The aim of social studies is to promote intercultural understanding and respect for individuals and their values and traditions. In support of the school vision, the social studies component of the curriculum will encourage students to “understand that other people, with their differences, can also be right”. Therefore, there is a strong emphasis on the reduction of prejudice and discrimination within the classroom, the school, the community and the world.
Students will be taught about:
- changes within living memory – where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life
- events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the great tsunami or earthquake, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries
- the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements, some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods, such as, Kings and Queens, Nobel Peace laureates, famous people e.g. inventors, explorers, pioneers, researchers, leaders, religious leaders, …
- significant historical events, people and places in their own locality
- the achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared e.g. Ancient Sumer, The Indus Valley, Ancient Egypt, The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China, …
- Locational and Positional Knowledge e.g. mapping features – continents, countries, cities; environmental regions; key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers);
- Human and Physical Geography e.g. climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle, types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water
- Geographical Skills and Fieldwork e.g. use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping, 8 points of a compass, 4- and 6-figure grid references, symbols and key to build their knowledge of local and world maps, and participate in fieldwork to observe, measure record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.